Beijing has vowed to retaliate against the U.K. government after it revealed details of its “bespoke” immigration route for Hongkongers, established in response to newly-enacted national security legislation. 

The U.K. home secretary Priti Patel announced on Wednesday that British National (Overseas) (BNO) citizens would be able to apply for five years’ leave or two consecutive 30-month periods. The new visa, valid for up to five years, grants passport holders the right of abode, work or study and provides a pathway to obtaining full British citizenship.

“The United Kingdom will create a new bespoke immigration route for BNO citizens from Hong Kong, reflecting the unique and unprecedented circumstances in Hong Kong and the UK’s historic and moral commitment to BNO citizens,” the minister said.

Patel said Beijing’s decision to impose legislation criminalising secession, subversion, terrorism and foreign interference in Hong Kong was a “matter of deep regret.” She accused the Chinese government of breaching the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration and “undermining” the One Country, Two Systems framework. 

The former colonial power said Hong Kong BNO visa applications would open in January 2021. BNO passport holders and their immediate dependents will be eligible to apply for the visa, regardless of whether their passport is valid.

A spokesman for the Chinese Embassy in the U.K. responded on Thursday, saying the U.K. had “severely violated” its commitments, interfered in China’s internal affairs, violated international law and norms governing diplomatic relations.

“The Chinese side expresses its grave concern and strong opposition, and will certainly take effective counter-measures,” the statement read.

The embassy spokesperson urged the U.K. to “immediately correct its mistakes”: “Stop interfering in Hong Kong affairs, which are China’s internal affairs, in any form. Such interference will be self-defeating.”

Last month, pro-Beijing Executive Council member Regina Ip criticised Downing Street as “less generous” than it appeared after the U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced the government would extend visa-free stays for BNO passport holders to 12 months. 

When Patel later suggested the scheme could provide a pathway to British citizenship, Ip questioned whether the British government had been “forced” into introducing such a policy. 

On Monday, the UK Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab revealed the government had decided to indefinitely suspend its extradition agreement with Hong Kong. It also pledged to strip the UK’s 5G networks of technology from Chinese company Huawei by 2027, citing security concerns.

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